Spatial data has some formats most of you know (shapefile, geoJSON, TiFF,…). But there is always a wide variety not only in available and used file formats but also in structure of data and formats of the data itself (numbers as text, different separators, etc.). To manage this variety and support the work with a standardized data set most companies use so-called ETL tools to Extract, Transform and Load data. In this article I would like to present you two of them: FME from Safe Software and Talend with Spatial Extension.
When I visited university (I have t admit, this was some years ago 😉 ) I was told ArcGIS cannot “do” 3D. This was the part where CAD enters the arena… But time goes by and together with ArcGIS 10.4. we will get 3D as it is meant to be.